Organic Heirloom Open Pollinated
No Pesticides No Herbicides No Fungicides No Synthetic Fertilizers
Latin Name: Solanum melongena
Days to Maturity: 65
Classic Italian eggplant with high yields and no spines.
Large, nearly black round to bell-shaped fruits have a slight signature
ribbing. Medium to thick skin is deep purple and glossy when mature.
Compact plants benefit from staking early in the season to support heavy
yields of large fruit. Productive • Classic shape • 3-6” fruit.
| 1 Packet
| 1/4 Ounce
| 1 Ounce
| 1/4 Pound
| 1/2 Pound
| 1 Pound
| 5 Pounds
Eggplant is a warm season tender annual in the Solanaceae
family which includes peppers, tomatoes, tomatillos, potatoes and ground
cherries. Eggplant types include the familiar Italian type and the long
and slender Asian type with a thinner skin that doesn’t need to be
peeled. Colors range from deep purple to blushing lavender to stripes of
orange and green.
Soil and Nutrient Requirements
Deep well drained sandy loam with pH 6.5-6.8 is best. Eggplants are
heavy feeders. Plants are sensitive to nitrogen; if over fertilized,
they will grow excessive foliage and produce less fruit. Use a high
30-36” or 24” double rows on beds with 4-6’ centers.
When to Sow
Sow seeds indoors 8-12 weeks before last frost date. Optimal soil
temperature for germination is 85°F. Seeds can be sown thickly into
flats and then planted into cell trays or containers after true leaves
appear. Plant outdoors when daytime temperatures are at least 65°F and
night time temperatures are above 50°F. Plastic mulch and floating row
cover may be used to increase soil and air temperatures and ward off
No. Eggplants are very sensitive to cold temperatures, even more so than their close relatives, peppers and tomatoes.
Eggplants will tolerate dry conditions, but do best with irrigation especially during flowering and fruit set.
5,500-7,500 seeds/oz (6,500 avg). M=1,000
7,260 plants/acre using 24” plant spacing in 24” double rows with 6’ centers.
Harvest eggplants when skin is glossy and thumbprint will not leave an
impression, if seeds are brown fruit is over-ripe. Regular harvest
increases production of fruit.
Store at 50-55ºF and 90% relative humidity. Will keep quality for up to one week.
Frequent scouting for Colorado Potato Beetles is recommended as both
adults and larvae can quickly defoliate plants. Crop rotation, control
of solanaceous weeds, barrier trenches between old and new plantings,
trap cropping, use of straw mulch or row cover can delay or reduce CPB
If plants are flowering but failing to set fruit, the culprit (at least
in northern regions) is likely to be the tarnished plant bug, which
particularly appreciates the sap of eggplant and pepper flowers.
Consider planting under row cover, or where this is impractical, using a
spray containing one or more of the following: Beauveria bassiana (see
Naturalis™ in the Supplies section) pyrethrum, neem oil, or an
Row cover is also effective against flea beetles, which eat small holes
in the leaves and can be particularly damaging to young seedlings.
Under light insect pressure and good growing conditions, strong plants
usually outgrow the damage.
In soils containing the Verticillium wilt fungi (Verticillium albo-atrum
and Verticillium dahliae), long crop rotations must be practiced to
reduce severity of the disease. Avoid soils that have grown peppers,
tomatoes and strawberries. Disease starts with yellow blotches appearing
on the leaves, which then wilt and drop off, exposing the fruit to
White mold (Sclerotina sclerotiorum) is a fungal disease which produces
water-soaked lesions on the fruit and causes rotting of stem. Entire
branches of the plant will wilt and then die. White mold is typically
found in areas of poor drainage. Prevention includes increasing plant
spacing to promote good air flow and improving the soil’s capacity to
absorb water through raised beds or building organic matter over time.