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February To-Do List for Zone 7
  • When you see the first crocus open, consider it time to set out transplants of lettuce, cabbages, and onions; cover them on cold nights.
  • In the garden, sow seeds of radishes and cold-hardy lettuces.
  • When daffodils "pop," plant seeds of spinach, turnips, and peas.
  • Cover the pea bed with clear plastic until sprouts begin to emerge; then, immediately switch to a floating row cover to protect the seedlings from weather and birds.
  • Start herb seeds indoors under lights.
  • Also indoors, start seeds of annual flowers—such as ageratum, petunia, and snapdragons—that need 8 to 10 weeks to reach transplant size.
March To-Do List For Zone 7
  • In the middle of the month, plant a row of Swiss chard. Tender stalks will be ready to harvest in mid-May—and the plants will keep producing all summer.
  • Also in midmonth, sow other hardy vegetables, such as carrots, beets, kohlrabi, radishes, leaf lettuces, and turnips.
  • Transplant onions, shallots, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, white potatoes and asparagus crowns to the garden.
  • Set out herbs, such as rosemary, chives, and thyme—but not tender basil!
April To-Do List for Zone 7
  • Pass by broccoli and cabbage on sale at garden centers—hot weather will soon arrive, causing plants to go to seed instead of forming edible heads.
  • Thin crowded carrots, chard, and lettuce.
  • Remove floating row covers from peas early in the month. Drive tall, twiggy branches into the ground next to the plants for support.
  • Mulch around the base of cool-season crops to keep their roots cool and moist.
  • Select new azalea and rhododendron bushes while they're in bloom to make sure that the color complements your landscape.
May To-Do List for Zone 7
  • Plant moonflower (Ipomoea alba), caladium, coleus, zinnia, and other heat-tolerant flowers.
  • Don't be too quick to give up on tender perennials and tubers, such as datura, Mexican bush sage (Salvia leucantha), cannas, and dahlias. You still may see new leaves by the end of the month.
  • Plant okra, tomatoes, eggplant, peppers, sweet potatoes, southern peas, and other heat-loving veggies.
  • Mulch peas and cole crops to keep the soil cool; water them regularly.
  • Thin peaches, plums, pears, and apples to about 6 inches apart.
June To-Do List for Zone 7
  • Plant pole, lima, and bush beans; winter squash; and luffa gourds.
  • Start seeds for fall crops of eggplants, peppers, and tomatoes to set out in July.
  • Cut and dry thyme, oregano, and mint.
  • Replace bolted lettuce with corn, spinach, winged beans (Psophocarpus tertragonolobus), and southern peas.
  • Trap slugs with beer.
  • Mulch to reduce weeds and watering later.
July To-Do List for Zone 7
  • Savor the last summer berries, then prune out old, dying canes.
  • For fall-bearing berries, lightly feed newer canes with fish emulsion or compost tea, then mulch with straw.
  • Harvest potatoes when leaves begin to die back.
  • At month's end, sow seeds of collards, carrots, and rutabagas.
  • To keep carrot seedbed moist, cover it with cloth or a board until seeds sprout.
  • Stay on top of weeds.
  • For bloom next year, start seeds of biennials, such as foxglove, hollyhock, evening primrose (Oenothera spp.), and lunaria.